For the first time in the history of ancient Indian espionage was institutionalised during the period of Kautilya and Chandragupta Maurya. It covered various kinds of activities, both state and private, inside and outside the state. Spies used various guises. They used gudhya- lekhya to convey information to the institute of espionage. A part of their operations included counter espionage. Kautilya also refers to a system of cxpionage in which many states collaborated for common ends. In some striking ways the system of espionage described by Kautilya resembles ttlc system of espionage employed by modem states
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Cite this article:
Singh and Jambulkar (1991). ESPIONAGE IN ARTHASASTRA OF KAUTILYA. Journal of Ravishankar University (Part-A: SOCIAL-SCIENCE), 4(1), pp.07-10.