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Author(s): D. S. Mahipal, Santu Ram Kashyap

Email(s): dsmahipal82@gmail.com , sr_kashyap1976@rediffmail.com

Address: S.G. CARS- Jagdalpur,(Bastar), Indira Gandhi Agriculture University, Raipur(C.G.), India.
SoS in Library & Information Science, PT. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur(C.G.),India.
*Corresponding Author: Santu Ram Kashyap (sr_kashyap1976@rediffmail.com

Published In:   Volume - 28,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2022


Cite this article:
Mahipal and Kashyap (2022). An Evaluation of the Using Library Resources and Services by the Agriculture Scientists at Indira Gandhi Agriculture University Raipur, Chhattisgarh. Journal of Ravishankar University (Part-A: SOCIAL-SCIENCE), 28(2), pp. 59-66.



An Evaluation of the Using Library Resources and Services by the Agriculture Scientists at Indira Gandhi Agriculture University Raipur, Chhattisgarh

1Dr. D. S. Mahipal, 2,*Dr. Santu Ram Kashyap

S.G. CARS- Jagdalpur,(Bastar), Indira Gandhi Agriculture University, Raipur(C.G.), India.

SoS in Library & Information Science, PT. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur(C.G.),India.

dsmahipal82@gmail.com, sr_kashyap1976@rediffmail.com

*Corresponding Author:  sr_kashyap1976@rediffmail.com

 

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to identify the resources, services and make them accessible that are available at the Nehru Library, Raipur Chhattisgarh and used by its scientists. The sample for this study consisted of 245 of the 265 agricultural scientists who working at Indira Gandhi Agricultural university, Raipur. Questionnaires have been used for the collection of data under the scope of the study. The results of the study indicate that agriculture scientists visited libraries occasionally due to inadequate library resources. In addition it was found that the majority of agriculture scientists were partially satisfied with library resources and services. Indra Gandhi Agricultural University's library offers a variety of electronic resources and services in conjunction with modern resources.  Scientists use the Nehru library for their studies and research. Electronic based services are proving to be an important service for scientists. Scientists are satisfied with the services provided by the library.

Keywords: Nehru Library, Library Resources and Services, Indira Gandhi    Agriculture University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh

Introduction:

The University library Known as the heart of the university. Itprovide relevant resources / information to their users through library resources and services. In this context Nehru Library is functioning as Central University Library for constituent and affiliated colleges of Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalya. 23 constituent Colleges and fifteen private colleges, Research Stations and Krishi Vighyan Kendras (KVKs). The Nehru Library established in 1987 after IGKV came in to existence by bifurcation from JNKVV Jabalpur. Before that it was the library of College of Agriculture, Raipur. It has been recognized as Regional Library of Central India by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 2005. The Nehru Library of IGKV has been well equipped with the latest communication media and information technologies like Web based information, CD Rom database search, OPAC and internet browsing as it is well connected through LAN/ BSNL leased line. This library has become a HUB connected on LAN with all automated centralized facilities and acting as a nodal centre for disseminating all kind of agricultural information to its users. The library is linked with various consortiums for online journals. Nehru Library maintains around 60000 collections of books, reference book, reports, theses, monograph, back volumes, journals, CD ROM Database and e-resources.

 

 

Review of Literature:

Several studies have been found on usage of information resources and services by library users. Theses study has examined the usages of information resources, services and satisfaction level of agriculture scientist of Chhattisgarh.

Raza, M. Masoom Ashok Kumar Upadhyay and Filzah E Noor (2021). performed a remarkable study under the title Utilization of Library Resources and Services in the select Management Institutes: A study. This study executed to find out the level of awareness and use of library resources and the services by the students of the selected Management Institutes of Aligarh. Questionnaire tool was adopted for collection of data. This study speaks that most of the students are aware with the resources and services of library and use them, as well as most of the students need help of library staff to access the resources.

Naik, K. G. Jayaraman (2020). Performed a study with the title Use of Library Resources and Services by the PG students: A Case study of Banglore University Library, Bengaluru. This study was carried out to know the use of Library resources and services by the PG students of Science Department. To conduct this study survey method and questionnaire tool was adopted for collection of primary data. This study resulted that the students are satisfied with library resources and services and students suggested to procure more books of latest edition and reference collection.

Tyagi, Sunil (2016).Find his research paper on “use of e-resource by the users of Uttaranchal college of education, Dehradune :A case study”. Based on the finding of present study, faculty members are fully dependent on e-recourse for their information needs and to keep themselves up-to-date in there subject. Use of electronic recourse had great impact on the academic performance of the student.

Geetha M. and, Sadashiv Shurpani, (2016).Aim of his research paper on “Use of Library Resources and Services by Students of PESITM and JNN College of Engineering in Shivamogga: A Comparative Study” The study revealed that the library resources are being used by the students to meet their academic needs at the two colleges (PESIT and M and JNNCE) and use of library resources increases as their level of study increases but the level of usage is low when compared the between two colleges studied. Librariesprovide  good facilities,users may find it extremely difficult in utilizing the potential of new technology. There is a need for digitization in order to provide quick access of information. Announcements about arrival of new books, journals or other reading materials should bring into notice of users when they are acquired by the library.

Kashyap, Santu Ram. (2016). conducted a comparative study on the use of electronic resources by the university teachers of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, in which they found that 72%electronic texts, 74.5% electronic journals, 50% electronic theses, 41% electronic news papers are used by teachers of Madhya Pradesh. Whereas 84% electronic texts by teachers of Chhattisgarh,92% electronic magazines, 65% electronic theses, 53%electronic news papers are used. Out of total users of electronic resources of universities, 57.54%use online and 11% offline. 35.84%uses both offline and online. In conclusion, meaningful differences have been found in the teachers of the two universities.

Sharma, Ashish Kumar (2014). Conducted a study on “The Study on Agriculture Information needed by Farmers from Librarians of CIC Sagar District in Madhya Pradesh,India”. As a result found that the most Librarian of CIC are important source of agricultural sources of agriculture information for farmers they received all type of technical and non -technical information.

 

Objectives of the Study:

The objective of the study is as follows

1.     To know the suitable study time in the library of respondents.

2.     To know the Frequency of library visits of Respondents.

3.     To know the time spend per week in the library by Respondents 

4.     To know Opinion towards availability of resources by Respondents

5.     To know about Use of the CeRa, AGRIS, Agricola, and Krishikohs Data Base etc.

 

Research Methodology:

The conducted study based on a survey method and a structured questionnaire has been used for collection of data. There are 265 number of questionnaire was distributed among the agriculture scientist of Nehru library users Raipur, Chhattisgarh. Out of 265 questionnaires 245were received for the study, the data analysed with the help of MS-Excel.

 

Data Analysis and Discussion:                                        

Table: 1- Response rate of the Respondents

Category of respondents

Distributed questionnaire

Received questionnaire

Percentage %

Agriculture scientist

265

245

92.80%

 

 

Table 1 Show that the response rate of the respondents. It indicates that out of 265 respondents 245 (92.80 %) respondents were given their responses under the study.

Table: 2 - Library Timings suitable for study of Respondents

No. of respondent

Response

Percentage%

220

Yes

89.8%

25

No

10.2%

Total-245

 

100.0%

 

As shown in the table - 2 out of 245 respondents 220 (89.8 %)find that the library timing is suitable. but not suitable for 25 (10.2%)respondents. As a result found that the library timing is suitable for most of the respondents’

Table: 3 - Frequency of library visit by Respondents

S. No.

Frequency of library      visit

Respondents

Percentage %

      1

Daily

28

11.4%

      2

Weekly

51

20.8%

3

Fourth night

36

14.7%

4

Monthly

46

18.8%

5

Occasionally

84

34.3%

 

Total

245

100 %

 


Fig.1: Frequency of library visit by Respondents

 

The data analysis of table 3 & figure 1 shows that 84 (34.3%) respondents were visited the library occasionally, followed by51 respondents (20.08%) visited weekly, 46 respondents (18.8%) visitedmonthly,36 respondents (14.7%) visited fourth night and 28 respondents (11.4%)were visited daily. Overall the result indicates that most of the respondents (agriculture scientists) were visited library occasionally.

Table: 4 - Time spend per week in the library by Respondents

    S.No.

Time spend per week

Respondent

Percentage %

1

0- 1 hours

44

18.0 %

2

2-3 hours

111

45.3%

3

4-5 hours

33

13.5%

4

6-7 hours

6

2.4%

5

More than 8 hours

51

20.8%

 


Fig. 2: Time spend per week in the library by Respondents

The data analysis of the table –4& figure -2 related to the Time spent per week for using library by the respondents. After analysisrevealsthat111 (45.3%) respondents spent 2-3 hour per week in library to fulfil their information needs. Followed by 51 (20.8 %)respondents spend more than 8 hours, 44(18.0 %) respondents spend 0-1 hours, 13(13.5 %)respondents spend4-5 hours and only 6 (2.4%) respondents spend 6- 7 hours in the library. The result indicates, overall and mostly respondents’ 2-3hours time spend in library for their information needs.

Table: 5 -Opinion towards availability of resources by Respondents

S. No.

Library Resources

Adequate

M. Adequate

Inadequate

1

Book

38.77

44.89

16.32

2

Thesis

51.03

42.04

25.30

3

Reference Book

33.06

73.87

17.55

4

Journals/ Mag.

36.73

44.08

19.18

5

Dictionary

32.65

48.97

0.00

6

Encyclopedia

28.57

57.14

14.28

 

The availability of information resources is one of the most important aspects of all types of libraries. They are pivotal to learning, teaching and research programs in this context the data analysis of Table - 5 explained that the opinion towards the availability of resources reveal that the Thesis is the popular choice with51.03%followed by books with 38.77%, journal/ Magazines with 36.73%, Reference book  with 33.06%, Dictionary 32.65% Dictionary and Encyclopaedia  with 28.57%,respondents were given their responses with concerned subjects is adequate. On the Moderate Adequate scale 73.87 % of books were Reference book followed by 57.14% Encyclopaedia, 48.97% Dictionary, 44.89% Book, 44.08% Journals/Mag., and 42.04% Thesis. In Inadequate respondents had given their opinion in 25.30% Thesis, 19.18% Journals/Mag., 17.55% Reference book, 16.32% Book, 14.28% Encyclopaedia and 0% opinion given in Dictionary by respondents.

Table: 6 - Use of CeRa Database by Respondents

S. No.

Respondents

Rarely

Occasionally

Frequently

1

Pr. Scientist

15.00

45.00

40.00

2

Sr. Pr. Scientist

29.41

38.23

32.35

3

Scientist

33.73

37.34

28.91

4

KVK Scientist

29.62

44.44

25.92

 

The data analysis of the table - 6 which is related to use of CeRa database by the agriculture scientists. It shows that highest 33.73 % scientist used rarely followed by 29.62% KVK Scientist, 29.41% Sr Pr. Scientists and 15% Pr. Scientists uses CeRa Database. In Occasionally highest 45% Pr. Scientist, followed by 44.44% KVK Scientists, 38.23% Sr. Pr. Scientists, 37.34% Scientist. Frequently highest40% Pr. Scientist, 32.35% Sr. Pr. Scientist, 28.91% Scientist and 25.92% KVK Scientists respectively.

 

Table: 7- Use of Agris Database by Respondents

S.No.

Agris Data base

Rarely

Occasionally

Frequently

Total

1

Pr. Scientist

10.00

40.00

50.00

20

2

Sr. Pr. Scientist

5.88

64.70

29.41

34

3

Scientist

12.04

60.24

27.71

83

4

KVK Scientist

11.11

62.96

25.92

108

 

Above table - 7shows the use of Agris data base by the agriculture scientist. The result indicates that 12.04 % Scientist, 11.11% KVK Scientist, 10% Pr. Scientists and 5.88% Sr Pr. Scientists used rarely followed by 64.70% Sr. Pr Scientist, 62.96% KVK Scientists, 60.24% Scientists, 40% Scientists uses Occasionally and 50% Pr Scientist, 29.41% Sr. Pr Scientist, 27.71% Scientist and 25.92% KVK Scientists uses Agris database Frequently.

 

Table: 8 - Use of Agricola Database by Respondents

S.No.

Agricola Data Base

Rarely

Occasionally

Frequently

Total

1

Pr. Scientist

20.00

55.00

25.00

20

2

Sr. Pr. Scientist

20.58

50.00

29.41

34

3

Scientist

26.50

43.37

30.12

83

4

KVK Scientist

24.07

50.92

25.00

108

 

Table - 8 shows the use of Agricola data base by the agriculture scientist. The result indicates that 26.50 % Scientist, 24.07 % KVK Scientist, 20.58 % Sr. Pr. Scientists and 20% Pr. Scientists used rarely followed by 55% Pr. Scientist, 50.92% KVK Scientists, 50% Sr. pr. Scientists, 43.37% Scientists uses Occasionally and 30.12%Scientist, 29.41% Sr. Pr. Scientist, 25% Pr.Scientist and KVK Scientists uses Agris database Frequently.

 

Table: 09 - Use of Krishikosh Database by Respondents

S.No.

Krishikosh Data Base

Rarely

Occasionally

Frequently

Total

1

Pr. Scientist

25.00

70.00

5.00

20

2

Sr. Pr. Scientist

11.76

76.47

11.76

34

3

Scientist

13.25

51.80

34.93

83

4

KVK Scientist

13.88

65.74

20.37

108

 

Table - 9 shows the use of Krishikosh data base by the agriculture scientist. The result indicates that 25% Pr. Scientist, 13.88 % KVK Scientist, 13.25% Scientists and 11.76% Sr. Pr. Scientists used rarely followed by 76.47% Sr. Pr. Scientist, 70% Pr. Scientist, 65.74% KVK Scientists, 51.80% Scientistuses Occasionally and 34.93% Scientist, 20.37% KVK Scientists 11.76% Sr. Pr. Scientist, 5% Pr. Scientist uses Krishikosh database Frequently.

 

Table: 10 -Satisfaction level towards library services by Respondents

S.No.

Library services

Highly satisfied

Satisfied

Dissatisfied

1

Issue/return

66.93

23.67

9.38

2

Reference ser.

42.44

33.46

24.08

3

CAS/ SDI

20.81

50.24

28.97

4

Web OPAC

29.80

36.73

33.46

5

Reprography

36.32

41.63

22.04

6

Translation ser.

41.22

38.77

20.00

Note: Percentage exceeds 100% because respondents were allowed multiple answer

Table– 10 focused the satisfaction level of Agriculture scientists regarding library services. The result reveals that the 66.93% agriculture scientists accepted that they were highly satisfied with issue and return service offered by the Library, Followed by  42.44% were highly satisfied with the reference service,29.80% highly satisfied with the Web OPAC,36.32%highly satisfied with the Reprography service and the 41.22% respondent were highly satisfiedwith the translation  service and 20.81% highly satisfied with the CAS/SDI,50.24% respondents are satisfied with the CAS/SDI service offered by the library. Followed by 41.63% agriculture scientists are satisfiedwith the Reprography, 38.77% satisfied with the translation service; 36.73% satisfied with the Web OPAC, 33.46% satisfied with the Referenceservice and 23.66%satisfied with the Issue/return service,33.46% agricultural scientists accepted that they dissatisfied with Web OPAC, Followed by  28.97% respondents  are dissatisfied with CAS/SDI, 24.08% dissatisfied with the web reference service; 22.04% dissatisfied about with the reprography service,20.00% dissatisfied with the translation  service and09.38% dissatisfied with the Issue/return offered by the library.

Conclusion:

The Conducted study of the Nehru Library of Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. was evaluated for its library services and resources used by agriculture scientists.Due to changing information requirements of users and information explosion, it is essential for librarians to identify the user’s information needs and offered them better services which are fulfil the information there ofclientele.The library is only place where a person can go and help him to fulfil his or her needs. The aim of present study is to explain and focus on library resources and service used by the agriculture scientists in Nehru library users. The result shows that the majority of Agriculture Scientist (75%) used thelibrary occasionally, Majority of scientists spent half hour to an hour in the library and also spent approximate 15 minutes to read newspaper daily. CeRa is highly using Agricultural consortium used by the Agriculture Scientists.

References:

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2.     Naik, K.G. Jagarama (2020). Use of library resources and services by the PG. Students: A case Study of Banglore University Library, Bangloru. International Journal of Research in Library Sceince. (IJRLS),6(2), 1-7

3.     Singh, K.K. (2018). Use pattern of library resource and service. Journals of Library and information Science. 64.2 (2014):233-239. Online December..<http://www.innovative publication.com>.

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5.     Geetha M. and, Sadashiv Shurpani, (2016). Use of Library Resources and Services by Students of PESITM and JNN College of Engineering in Shivamogga: A Comparative Study. 2 (XI), 217-221.

6.     Kiran Kumar, G, &Kumbar, Mallinath (2015). Use of electronic information resources and   search pattern by the faculty of autonomous engineering colleges in Karnataka: a survey. SRELS Journal of Information Management.52. (42)59-266.

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9.     Kumar, Devendra (2010). Faculty use of internet services at a University of Agriculture and Technology. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 1 - 9.

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